National Women's History Month is a celebration designated by Joint Resolutions of the House and Senate and Proclamations by five American Presidents, that is an opportunity to honor and celebrate women's historic achievements.
Each year National Women's History Month employs a unifying theme and recognizes national honorees whose work and lives testify to that theme.
- For 2013 the theme will be Women Inspiring Innovation Through Imagination: Celebrating Women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.
- For 2012, the theme of National Women's History Month was Women's Education - Women's Empowerment. According to the NWHP, although women now outnumber men in American colleges nationwide, the reversal of the gender gap is a very recent phenomenon. Pioneers of secondary education for young women faced arguments from physicians and other "experts" who claimed either that females were incapable of intellectual development equal to men, or that they would be harmed by striving for it. Take the example of Harvard, the first college chartered in America founded in 1636, however, it would take two more centuries before Harvard would begin to admit women. The equal opportunity to learn owes much to Title IX of the Education Codes of the Higher Education Act Amendments. This legislation, was only passed in 1972 and enacted in 1977, and prohibited gender discrimination by federally funded institutions.
- For 2011, the theme was Our HISTORY is Our Strength, instead of recognizing national honorees, local communities, organizations and institutions throughout the country were asked to honor women within their own communities or organizations.
Photo Getty Images