Every year several great women are honored during Women's History Month for their contributions to the arts, sciences, and business. Women inventors included as 2013 Honorees & Nominees for Women's History Month:
- Ophthalmologist and inventor, Patricia Bath who invented the Laserphaco Probe used in laser cataract surgery. Bath co-founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness (1976) committed to "protect, preserve, and restore the gift of sight." She broke ground for both women and African Americans in medicine and ophthalmology, including being the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose.
- Physicist and inventor, Katharine Blodgett was the first woman awarded a Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Cambridge (1926) and the first woman research scientist for General Electric's Schenectady, New York laboratory (1920). Blodgett received eight US patents, most famously for inventing low-reflectance "invisible" glass. The legacy of her work is still seen today in camera lenses, computer screens, eyeglasses, and many other applications.
- Electrical engineer and inventor, Edith Clarke was the first woman to earn an M.S. in electrical engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1919) and the first woman professor of electrical engineering in the US (University of Texas at Austin 1947). Before teaching, Clarke worked much of her career as an engineer for General Electric. She invented the Clarke Calculator, a graphical device for solving power transmission line equations, and is also well known for authoring an influential textbook on power engineering.
- Computer scientist and inventor, Grace Murray Hopper was a pioneering computer scientist and Rear Admiral in the United States Navy. Hopper joined the Navy Reserve during World War II and worked as one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark 1 Computer. She later wrote the first computer programming compiler (1952) and conceptualized COBOL, on of the first modern programming language (1954). Upon her retirement she was awarded the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, the highest non-combat award given by the Department of Defense.
Photo & Research Credit: National Women's History Project