By Mary Bellis
Several inventions in textile machinery occurred in a relatively short time period during the industrial revolution.
- 1733 Flying shuttle invented by John Kay - an improvement to looms that enabled weavers to weave faster.
- 1742 Cotton mills were first opened in England.
- 1764 Spinning jenny invented by James Hargreaves - the first machine to improve upon the spinning wheel.
- 1764 Water frame invented by Richard Arkwright - the first powered textile machine.
- 1769Arkwright patented the water frame.
- 1770Hargreaves patented the Spinning Jenny.
- 1773The first all-cotton textiles were produced in factories.
- 1779Crompton invented the spinning mule that allowed for greater control over the weaving process.
1785Cartwright patented the power loom. It was improved upon by William Horrocks, known for his invention of the variable speed batton in 1813.
- 1787Cotton goods production had increased 10 fold since 1770.
- 1789 Samuel Slater brought textile machinery design to the US.
- 1790Arkwright built the first steam powered textile factory in Nottingham, England.
- 1792Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin - a machine that automated the separation of cottonseed from the short-staple cotton fiber.
- 1804 Joseph Marie Jacquard invented the Jacquard Loom that weaved complex designs. Jacquard invented a way of automatically controlling the warp and weft threads on a silk loom by recording patterns of holes in a string of cards*.
- 1813 William Horrocks invented the variable speed batton (for an improved power loom).
- 1856William Perkin invented the first synthetic dye.
Industrial Revolution - Main page
Timeline of the 1700s
The Industrial Revolution (1700 - Present) Look Under Textile Machinery
*The Jacquard cards were later modified and evolved into computer punch cards.