Ernest Solvay invented the Solvey process (the ammonia process for the manufacture of soda) in 1861. Solvay an industrial chemist and manufacturer, was born in Brussels, Belgium. Ernest Solvay built his first factory at Couillet, Belgium, in 1863, where production of soda (sodium carbonate) began in 1865. However, it was not until 1872, when Ernest Solvay patented the industrial production of sodium carbonate - also known as soda ash - using common salt, ammonia, carbon dioxide (CO2) and lime.
According to Solvay.com: "Ernest Solvay was born in 1838, the son of a quarry master from Rebecq-Rognon in Belgium. From a very young age he exhibited a passion for physics, chemistry and natural history, and at the age of 23 he and his brother Alfred developed a new process for the industrial production of sodium carbonate. They founded the company Solvay & Cie on December 24, 1863, flirting with bankruptcy on several occasions during the nearly 10 years it took them to perfect the process."
Solvay - Solvay Company
Ernest Solvay invented the industrial process for sodium carbonate production in 1861.