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Automobile History

Automobile Accessories and Parts

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WWII Car Mechanic

WWII Car Mechanic

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Air Bags

Airbags are a type of automobile safety restraint like seatbelts.

Air Conditioning in Cars

The first car with an actual refrigeration system was the 1940 model year Packard.

Bendix Drive or Starter Drive

In 1910, Vincent Bendix patented the Bendix drive for electric starters, an improvement to the hand cranked starters of the time.

Brakes

In 1901, British inventor Frederick William Lanchester patented disc brakes.

Car Radio

In 1929, American Paul Galvin, the head of Galvin Manufacturing Corporation, invented the first car radio. The first car radios were not available from carmakers. Consumers had to purchase the radios separately. Galvin coined the name "Motorola" for the company's new products combining the idea of motion and radio.

Crash Test Dummies

The first crash test dummy was the Sierra Sam created in 1949.

Cruise Control

Ralph Teetor, a prolific (and blind) inventor, invented cruise control.

Differential

Differentials are a variety of gearbox.

Driveshaft

In 1898, Louis Renault invented the first driveshaft.

Electric Windows

Daimler introduced electric windows in cars in 1948.

Fender

In 1901, Frederick Simms invented the first car fender. Similar to the railway engine buffers of the period.

Fuel Injection

The first electronic fuel injection system for cars was invented in 1966 in Britain.

Gasoline

The numerous processes and agents needed to improve the quality of gasoline making it a better commodity.

Heater

Canadian Thomas Ahearn invented the first electric car heater in 1890.

Ignition

Charles Kettering was the inventor of the first electrical starter motor ignition system.

Internal-Combustion Engine

An internal combustion engine is any engine that uses the explosive combustion of fuel to push a piston within a cylinder

License Plates

On April 25, 1901 the state of New York became the first state to require car license plates by law. The very first license plates were called number plates - first issued in 1893 in France by the police.

Spark Plug

Oliver Lodge invented the electric spark ignition (the Lodge Igniter) for the internal combustion engine.

Muffler

Eugene Houdry invented the catalytic muffler

Odometer

An odometer records the distance that a vehicle travels. A

Seat Belts/Safety Belts

The first U.S. patent for automobile seat beats was issued to Edward J. Claghorn of New York, New York on February 10, 1885.

Supercharger

Ferdinand Porsche invented the first supercharged Mercedes-Benz SS & SSK sports cars in Stuttgart, Germany in 1923.

Third Brake Light

In 1974, psychologist John Voevodsky invented the third brake light, a brake light that is mounted in the base of rear windshields. When drivers press their brakes, a triangle of light will warn following drivers to slow down.

Tires

Charles Goodyear invented vulcanized rubber in 1844 that was later used for the first tires

Transmissions

In 1832, W. H. James invented a rudimentary three-speed transmission. Panhard and Levassor are credited with the invention of the modern transmission - installed in their 1895 Panhard. On April 28, 1908, Leonard Dyer obtained one of the earliest patents for an automobile transmission.

Turn Signals

Buick introduced the first electric turn signals in 1938.

Power Steering

Francis W. Davis invented power steering. In the 1920s, Davis was the chief engineer of the truck division of the Pierce Arrow Motor Car Company, and he saw first hand how hard it was to steer heavy vehicles. Davis quit his job and rented a small engineering shop in Waltham, MA. He developed a hydraulic power steering system that led to power steering. Power steering became commercially available by 1951.

Windshield Wipers

Prior to the manufacture of Henry Ford's Model A, Mary Anderson was granted her first patent for a window cleaning device in November of 1903.
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