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Inventions of France - French Inventors

The accomplishments of famous French inventors - inventions from France.

Bartholdi - Statue of Liberty
Bartholdi was a French sculptor born in Alsace. He created many monumental sculptures and his most famous work was the Statue of Liberty a gift from France to America.

Eugene Bourdon - Bourdon Tube Pressure Gauge
In 1849, the Bourdon tube pressure gauge was patented in France by Eugene Bourdon.

Louis Braille - Braille
French inventor, Louis Braille invented braille printing.

Louis Paul Cailletet - Altimeter
Louis Paul Cailletet was the famous French inventor and physicist who invented the altimeter and the high-pressure manometer.

Nicolas Conte - Conte Pencils
The breakthrough in pencil technology came when French inventor and chemist Nicolas Conte developed and patented the process used to make pencils in 1795.

Rudolf Diesel
Rudolf Diesel, born in Paris, France is responsible for the invention of the diesel engine.

Emile Gagnan and Jacques Cousteau - Scuba Equipment
French explorers, Emile Gagnan and Jacques Cousteau invented the first demand regulator and the first autonomous diving suit, the beginning modern scuba diving equipment.

Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre - The Daguerreotype
Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre was behind the invention of the daguerreotype process in France.

Gustave Eiffel - Eiffel Tower
Gustave Eiffel built the Eiffel Tower for the Paris World's Fair of 1889, which honored the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution.

Henri Fabre - The First Seaplane
On March 28, 1910 the first successful seaplane take-off from water at Martinque, France.

Jean Foucault - Gyroscope
Jean Foucault, a 19th-century French scientist, is responsible for giving the name gyroscope to a wheel or rotor mounted in gimbal rings.

Doctor Joseph Ignace Guillotin - The Guillotine
How an attempt to do away with the death penalty by French Doctor Joseph Ignace Guillotin backfired.

Laennec - Stethoscope
The stethoscope was invented by the French inventor and physician René Théophile Hyacinthe Laënnec.

Jean Nollet - Electroscope
The electroscope, a device for detecting electric charge, was invented by French scientist Jean Nollet in 1748.

Louis Pasteur - Pasteurization
Pasteur invented pasteurization and discovered the germ theory of disease, one of the most important discoveries in medical history.

Gaspard de Prony
Gaspard de Prony was the famous mathematician and French inventor who invented the Prony brake or dynamometer.

Jacques Heim and Louis Reard - the Bikini
The bikini was an invention created in France in 1946, named after the Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands, the site of atomic bomb testing. The French inventors were Jacques Heim and Louis Reard.

Louis Sebastien - Parachutes
Louis Sebastien Lenormand of France, is generally credited with being the first to demonstrate the parachute principle in 1783.

Barthelemy Thimonnier - Sewing Machine
The first functional sewing machine was invented by French tailor and inventor Barthelemy Thimonnier in 1830.

Biography of Blaise Pascal
French scientist and mathematician, Blaise Pascal invented the first digital calculator.

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