Glass has been used for various kinds of bottles and utensils, mirrors, windows and more. It is thought to have been first created around 3000 BC, during the bronze age. Egyptian glass beads date back to about 2500 BC.
Mosaic GlassModern glass originated in Alexandria during the Ptolemaic period, artisans created "mosaic glass" in which slices of colored glass were used to create decorative patterns.
GlassblowingGlassblowing was invented during the 1st century BC by the glassmakers of Syria.
Lead Crystal GlassDuring the 15th century in Venice, the first clear glass called cristallo was invented and then heavily exported. In 1675, glassmaker George Ravenscroft invented lead crystal glass by adding lead oxide to Venetian glass.
Sheet GlassOn March 25, 1902, Irving W Colburn patented the sheet glass drawing machine, making the mass production of glass for windows possible.
Glass jars and BottlesOn August 2, 1904, a patent for a "glass shaping machine" was granted to Michael Owen. The immense production of bottles, jars, and other containers owes its inception to this invention.
- History of Stained Glass
- Glass Encyclopedia
- Pioneers in the Optical Sciences
- Carl Zeiss
- History of Bausch & Lomb Incorporated