Jack Kilby's Greatest Achievement:
Electrical engineer, Jack Kilby invented the integrated circuit aka the microchip
. By definition the intergrated circuit or microchip is a set of interconnected electronic components such as transistors and resistors, that are etched or imprinted on a onto a tiny chip of a semiconducting material, such as silicon or germanium. The microchip shrunk the size and cost of making electronics and impacted the future designs of all computers and other electronics. The first successful demonstration of the microchip was on September 12, 1958.
Jack Kilby Biography:
Jack Kilby was born on November 8 1923 in Jefferson City, Missouri. He died on June 20, 2005 in Dallas, Texas. Kilby was raised in Great Bend, Kansas.
He earned a B.S. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Illinois and a M.S. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Wisconsin.
In 1947, he began working for Globe Union of Milwaukee, where he designed ceramic silk-screen circuits for electronic devices. In 1958, Jack Kilby began working for Texas Instruments of Dallas, where the microchip was invented.
Jack Kilby Honors:
From 1978 to 1984, Jack Kilby was a Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering at Texas A&M University. In 1970, Kilby received the National Medal of Science. In 1982, Jack Kilby was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. The Kilby Awards Foundation, which annually honors individuals for achievements in science, technology, and education, was established by Jack Kilby. Jack Kilby was awarded the 2000 Nobel Prize for Physics for his work
on the integrated circuit.
Jack Kilby Other Inventions:
Jack Kilby has been awarded more than sixty patents for his inventions. Using the integrated circuit Jack Kilby designed and co-invented the first pocket-sized calculator
called the "Pocketronic". He also invented the thermal printer that was used in portable data terminals. For many years Kilby was involved in the invention of solar powered devices.
The integrated circuit otherwise known as "The Chip" was invented by both Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce.