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The History of Medicine

The history of medicine and major medical inventions

By

Scientist looking through microscope
Thomas Barwick/ Stone/ Getty Images
By defintion, medicine is the science of diagnosing, treating, or preventing disease and damage to the body or mind. A medical invention would be any instrument, machine, implant, or similar article that is useful in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease, for example: the thermometer, artificial heart, or a home pregnancy test.

A

Ambulance, Antibody Labeling Agent, Antiseptics, Apgar Score, Artificial Heart, Aspirin

B

Band-Aids, Blood Bank

C

Cardiac Related, Cataract Laserphaco Probe, Catheter, Catscan, Cloning, Contact Lenses, Cortisone, CPR

D

Dentistry, Diabetes Related, Dialysis Machine, Disposable Diapers

E,F,G

EKG Electrocardiography, Fetal Monitor, Genetics, Glasses (Eye)

H

Heart Lung Machine, Hepatitis Vaccine, HIV Protease Inhibitors

I,K,L

Insulin Process, Laser Eye Surgery, Liposuction

M

Microbiology Related, Microscope, MRI

N,O

Nystatin, Oral Contraceptives

P,Q,R

Pap Smear, Pasteurization, Penicillin, Pentothal, Polio Vaccine, Prosthetic, Prozac, Respirator

S

On June 5, 1984, the "Safety Cap for Medicine Bottle" (Child-Proof) was patented by Ronald Kay, Safety Pin, Silicon Chip Blood Analyzer, Smart Pill, Stethoscope, Syringe

T

Tagamet, Tampons, Tetracycline, Thermometer

U,V,

Ultrasound, Vaccination Needle, Viagra, Vitamin Production

W,X,Y,Z

Wheelchairs, X-Ray

History of Medicine

The History of Medicine
Photos and illustrations from medical history.
The History of Medicine
A timeline of medical discoveries, inventions, advances, and events from prehistoric times to the present.
History of Medicine
A museum dedicated to collecting 20th century medical research instruments and computers at the National Institutes of Health.
Ancient Medicine: From Homer to Vesalius
An on-line exhibition prepared in conjunction with the Colloquium "Antiqua Medicina: Aspects in Ancient Medicine"
Andreas Vesalius' De Humani Corporis Fabrica, 1543
Modern medicine began in 1543 with the publication of the first complete textbook of human anatomy, "De Humanis Corporis Fabrica" by Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564).
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