Patent specifications are not written at a layperson's level of understanding, they are written at an expert's level of understanding. In addition, they are ways to write things based on legal interpretation that can give you the best patent protection.
Writing the specification for a utility patent requires both technical and legal skill.Remember you must follow the Patent Office's paper format for anything you prepare. You can also file electronically (more about that at the end).
Formatting and Numbering The Pages
- All the pages of the specification including claims and abstract, have to be numbered consecutively, starting with 1. This does not apply to the transmittal letter sheets or other forms.
- The page numbers should be centrally located preferably below the text.
- The text lines of the specification must be 1.5 or double spaced (lines of other text not comprising the specification need not be 1.5 or double spaced).
- Include an indentation at the beginning of each new paragraph, and number the paragraphs starting at (0001 etc.).
Section HeadingsDetailed instructions for each section heading will be on the pages following this one.
- TITLE OF INVENTION
- CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
- STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
- REFERENCE TO A SEQUENCE LISTING, A TABLE, OR A COMPUTER PROGRAM, LISTING COMPACT DISC APPENDIX
- BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
- BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
- BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING
- DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
- CLAIM OR CLAIMS
- ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE
- DRAWINGS (When Necessary)
- OATH OR DECLARATION
- SEQUENCE LISTING (When Necessary)