K. Alex Mueller, along with his colleague, J. Georg Bednorz, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1987 for his discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in a new class of materials. Drs. Alex Mueller and Georg Bednorz startled the world by reporting superconductivity in a layered, ceramic material at a then-record-high temperature -- 33 degrees above absolute zero, or 0 Kelvin (roughly -460 degrees Fahrenheit). Their discovery set off an avalanche of research worldwide into related materials that yielded dozens of new superconductors, eventually reaching a transition temperature of 135 Kelvin.
Alex Mueller - BiographyBorn in Basle, Switzerland, on April 20, 1927, Dr. Mueller was educated at the Evangelical College in Schiers, Switzerland, and received his doctorate degree from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich in 1958. After spending five years at the Battelle Institute in Geneva as a project manager, he joined the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in 1963. The University of Zurich appointed him a Lecturer in 1962, Titular Professor in 1970 and Professor in 1987. Dr. Mueller was manager of the physics department of the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory from 1973 to 1985. After that, he devoted his time fully to basic research. He was appointed an IBM Fellow in 1987. He retired from IBM in 1992.
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