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18th Century Timeline

18th Century - the technology, science, and inventions

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Cotton gin

An 18th century invention, the cotton gin is a machine that separates seeds, hulls from cotton after it has been picked.

Mary Bellis

1752

1755

  • Samuel Johnson publishes the first English language dictionary on April 15th after nine years of writing. In the preface Samuel Johnson wrote, "I am not so lost in lexicography as to forget that words are the daughters of earth, and that things are the sons of heaven."

1757

  • John Campbell invents the sextant.

1758

  • Dolland invents a chromatic lens.

1761

  • Englishmen, John Harrison invents the navigational clock or marine chronometer for measuring longitude.

1764

1767

1768

1769

1774

  • Georges Louis Lesage patents the electric telegraph.

1775

  • Alexander Cummings invents the flush toilet.
  • Jacques Perrier invents a steamship.

1776

1779

1780

1783

  • Louis Sebastien demonstrates the first parachute.
  • Benjamin Hanks patents the self-winding clock.
  • The Montgolfier brothers invent the hot-air balloon.
  • Englishmen, Henry Cort invents the steel roller for steel production.

1784

  • Andrew Meikle invents the threshing machine.
  • Joseph Bramah invents the safety lock.

1785

  • Edmund Cartwright invents the power loom.
  • Claude Berthollet invents chemical bleaching.
  • Charles Augustus Coulomb invents the torsion balance.
  • Jean Pierre Blanchard invents a working parachute.

1786

1789

1790

  • The United States issued its first patent to William Pollard of Philadelphia for a machine that roves and spins cotton.

1791

  • John Barber invents the gas turbine. Early bicycles invented in Scotland.

1792

1794

  • Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin.
  • Welshmen, Philip Vaughan invents ball bearings.

1795

  • Francois Appert invents the preserving jar for food.

1796

1797

  • Wittemore patents a carding machine.
  • A British inventor, Henry Maudslay invents the first metal or precision lathe.

1798

  • The first soft drink invented.
  • Aloys Senefelder invents lithography.

1799

  • Alessandro Volta invents the battery.
  • Louis Robert invents the Fourdrinier Machine for sheet paper making.

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