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Biography Timeline - Emile Berliner

Emile Berliner invented the gramophone.

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Emile Berliner

Emile Berliner

  • 1851 Birth of Emile Berliner in Hanover, Germany, on May 20.

  • 1865 Year of his last formal schooling.

  • 1870 Emigrated to Washington, D.C. Spent three years working in the dry-goods store Gotteilf, Behrend and Co.

  • 1875 Worked as a cleanup man in laboratory of Constantine Fahlberg in New York City. Became interested in laboratory experimentation.

  • 1876 Invented the loose-contact telephone transmitter. Began to work for American Bell Telephone Company.

  • 1881 Married Cora Adler. Became an American citizen.
  • 1886 Began work on the gramophone.

  • 1887 First gramophone patent.

  • 1888 Successful lecture-demonstration at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia. Began to produce experimental disks stamped out in celluloid, then in hard rubber.

  • 1889 Went to Germany to demonstrate gramophone and while there made agreement with toy firm of Kammerer and Reinhardt for the production of little toy disks and hand-turned players.

  • 1890 First lateral-cut disk records produced in Germany, but on a small basis.

  • 1893 Formation of the United States Gramophone Company of Washington, D.C., to enter the commercial market.

  • 1894 United States Gramophone Company began business in the D.C. area.

  • 1895 Establishment of the Berliner Gramophone Company of Philadelphia. First disks from Duranoid.

  • 1896 Establishment of the National Gramophone Company of New York. Eldridge Johnson's machine shop in Camden, New Jersey, became the main supplier of gramophone playback machines.

  • 1897 Dispatch of William Barry Owen to England. Loss of Washington laboratory in powerhouse fire.

  • 1898 Formation of the Berliner Gramophone Company of London. Beginning of expansion into Europe. Appearance of first illegal competitor.

  • 1899 Appearance of illegal competitors Vitaphone and Zonophone. Berliner composed "Columbian Anthem."

  • 1900 Court injunction in June effectively shut down Berliner's business. He turned over his patent rights to Eldridge Johnson of Camden, New Jersey.

  • 1906 Berliner began work on helicopter.

  • 1909 Berliner's helicopter lifted two men from the ground. New building at the Starmont Tuberculosis Sanitarium dedicated to Berliner's father.

  • 1913 Berliner awarded the Elliott Cresson Medal by the Franklin Institute. He obtained a patent for a revolving cylinder motor.

  • 1919 Berliner very active in field of health and hygiene. Took part in production of book Muddy Jim, for which he wrote all the rhymes. Devoted much time during this period to the Zionist cause.

  • 1924 Bureau of Health Education established in new building built by Berliner.

  • 1926 Development of the acoustic tile.

  • 1929 Death of Emile Berliner on August 3 at the age of 78.
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