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History of Firearms

Timeline

By

9mm Hand Gun

9mm Hand Gun

Introduction

  • 1232: The Chinese who invented gunpowder (black powder) first used it in a weapon - gunpowder filled tubes aka rockets.
  • 1364: First recorded use of a firearm - shooter lit wicks by hand that ingnited gunpowder that was loaded into the gun barrel.
  • 1400s: Matchlock guns - first mechanically firing of guns. Wicks were now attached to a clamp that sprang into gunpowder that was placed in a "flash pan".
  • 1509: Wheel lock guns - wicks were replaced the wheel lock that generated a spark for igniting the gunpowder.
  • 1630: Flintlock guns - the flintlock did two things mechanically, it opened the lid of the flash pan and provided an igniting spark.
  • 1825: Percussion-cap guns invented by Reverend John Forsyth - firing mechanism no longer uses flash pan, a tube lead straight into the gun barrel, the tupe had an exposive cap on it that exploded when struck
  • 1830: Back action lock
  • 1835: Colt revolver - first mass-produced, multi-shot, revolving firearms
  • 1840: Pin-fire cartridges
  • 1850: Shotguns
  • 1859: Full rim-fire cartridge
  • 1860: Spencer repeating carbine patented
  • 1861: Breech loaded guns
  • 1862: Gatling Gun
  • 1869: Center-fire cartridge
  • 1871: Cartridge revolver
  • 1873: Winchester rifle
  • 1877: Double-action revolver
  • 1879: Lee box magazine patented
  • 1892: Automatic handguns invented by Joseph Laumann
  • 1893: Borchardt pistol - automatic handgun with a separate magazine in the grip
  • 1903: First automatic rifle a Winchester.

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