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18th Century Timeline 1700 - 1799

18th Century - the technology, science, and inventions


18th Century Timeline Piano

Close-up of a piano designed by Bartolomeo Cristofori di Francesco

Getty Images Montgolfier Balloon 1783

Montgolfier Balloon 1783

LOC Cotton gin

The cotton gin is a machine that separates seeds, hulls from cotton after it has been picked.

Mary Bellis
Timeline <1000 - 1300 <1400 <1500 <1600 <1700 <1800 <1900 <2000

The 18th century (also referred to as the 1700s) began the first Industrial Revolution. Modern manufacturing began with steam engines replacing animal labor. The 18th century saw the widespread replacement of manual labor by new inventions and machinery.

The 18th century was also part of the "The Age of Enlightenment", an historical period characterized by a change away from traditional religious sources of authority, and a move towards science and rational thought.

The effects of 18th century enlightenment led to the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolution.The 18th century saw the spread of capitalism and the increased availability of printed materials.




  • Bartolomeo Cristofori invents the piano.


  • Englishmen, John Shore invents the tuning fork.



  • Edmond Halley invents the diving bell.


  • French C. Hopffer patents the fire extinguisher.


  • Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the first mercury thermometer.



  • E.G. von Kleist invents the leyden jar, the first electrical capacitor.
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