What Did We Hail Pre Taxi?Before the invention of the car, the practice of vehicles for public hire was in place. In 1640, in Paris, Nicolas Sauvage offered horse-drawn carriages and drivers for hire. In 1635, the Hackney Carriage Act was the first legislation passed that controlled horse-drawn carriages for hire in England.
TaximeterThe name taxicab was taken from the word taximeter. The taximeter is the instrument which measures the distance or time a vehicle travels, and allows an accurate fare to be determined. The taximeter was invented by the German inventor, Wilhelm Bruhn in 1891.
Daimler VictoriaGottlieb Daimler built the world's first dedicated taxi in 1897 called the Daimler Victoria. The taxi came equipped with the newly invented taxi meter. On 16 June, 1897 the Daimler Victoria taxi was delivered to Friedrich Greiner, a Stuttgart entrepreneur who started the world's first motorized taxi company.
First Taxi AccidentOn September 13, 1899, the first American died in an car accident. That car was a Taxi, there were about one hundred taxis operating on New York's streets that year. Sixty-eight year-old Henry Bliss was helping a friend from a street car when a taxi driver lost control and fatally hit Bliss.
Yellow TaxiTaxi company owner, Harry Allen was the first person to have yellow taxis. Allen painted his taxis yellow to stand out.
- Taxi Dreams
By the end of the 19th century, automobiles began to appear on city streets throughout the country. It was not long before a number of these cars were hiring themselves out in competition with horse-drawn carriages.
- Vance Thompson's Cab Drivers
Vance Thompson (1863-1925) published five articles on horse cab drivers in Paris, London, Dublin and New York and on gondoliers in Venice.
- Taxi! A brief history of the London Taxi
The first motorized London taxi, the 1897 Bersey, was electrically powered and was called the Hummingbird because of its sound.
- Checker Taxi Stand History
In 1922, the Checker Cab Manufacturing Company was founded in Joliet, IL,and production was set for three taxis a day